Archive for April, 2019

As Bendigo prepares for the opening of its new hospital next year, it is timely to unravel its intriguing past.

With a proud, 160-year history, the hospital has been a cornerstone of the community.

However, historically, it has been an unusual institution.

An intriguing element of its story is a dramatic rise in the rate of surgical operations completed during the 1890s.

Performing fewer than 100 operations a year prior to 1893, the hospital’s resident and honorary surgeons suddenly increased the rate to 224 operations a year in 1895.

Many of the operations were amputations, hernia repairs, removals of hydatid cysts and tumour excisions.

Clearly the service was required. But why did the hospital suddenly increase its surgical intake in 1893 so dramatically?

The increase likely relates to an abrupt change inmedical management at the time – a long-held stance which put Bendigo’s hospital at odds with most major hospitals throughout Australia and Britain.

The norm was for large, charitable hospitals to allow their honorary doctors – that is, qualified but unpaid doctors not on staff– to control their medical facilities, including wards and operating rooms.

In contrast, for most of its life, Bendigo Hospital steadfastly refused to relinquish control to its honoraries.

For many years,the honoraries felt disrespected by the hospital’s policy.

An honorary position at a major hospital was a perk for medical practitioners – it gave them prestige and access to a rich collection of interesting cases.

Typically, they were granted authority over the wards and patients in exchange for their services.

Not so at Bendigo, where the lay committee of management gave sole authority of their wards and patients to its salaried resident surgeons.

With Bendigo’s committee holding firm to its policy, it is possible the honorary doctors of the late 19th century retaliated by boycotting surgery at the hospital, a move that would account for the low rate of surgery prior to 1893.

In 1892, under financial pressure, the hospital finally agreed to conduct an “honorary trial”which handed control to the unpaid honorary doctors.

After averaging just one operation for every 18 admissions from 1875-92, the hospital suddenly experienced a surgical boom,performing up to one operation for every three admissions during the trial years.

After six years, the hospital abruptly stripped the honoraries of their authority and refused to allow them control again for another 30 years.

The problem, it was suggested at the time, was that the honoraries were performing too much surgery.

These events say something not only about the hospital’s management, but medical practice in regional centres such as Bendigo in the 19th century.

It is only through careful investigation, based on the historical records available today, that we can solve these mysteries and shed light on a proud institution so many of Bendigo’s locals love and respect.

If you can provide historical documents that might help in this research – in particular, casebooks and correspondence from the private practices of Bendigo’s doctors during the 1890s – please [email protected]论坛

Brett Wright is a PhD candidate at La Trobe University.This story Administrator ready to work first appeared on 苏州美甲美睫培训学校.

A Federation is demolished this month to make way for WestConnex. Photo: Jessica Hromas Construction of WestConnex in Haberfield has intensified in recent months. Photo: Ben Rushton

Just 12 per cent of NSW voters believe the $16.8 billion WestConnex motorway project will be a bad outcome for Sydney once it is completed in three stages over the next eight years, an exclusive Fairfax Media poll shows.

While the construction of the new motorway has been highly controversial in Sydney’s inner west, the poll of 1600 voters shows almost 48 per cent believe WestConnex will be good for the city. About 40 per cent of voters were undecided.

The results of the ReachTEL poll commissioned by Fairfax Media came as the state government confirmed that tolls will be reintroduced on a 7.5-kilometre section of the M4 in the first three months of next year following its widening as part of WestConnex.

Under the distance-based pricing for the project, motorists will be charged up to $4.21 for a one-way trip on that section of the M4.

The WestConnex project will also result in motorists having to pay directly for driving on what at present is the toll-free M5 East.

NSW Roads Minister Duncan Gay conceded that motorists will attempt to use other roads to avoid charges on WestConnex in the early days of its opening.

“Certainly in the short term people will try to avoid tolls,” he told a budget estimates hearing on Monday.

However, Mr Gay said he believed the majority of motorists would eventually use the tolled motorway, as had been the case in the past for other roads which had charges applied.

While the Greens have campaigned strongly against WestConnex, the Fairfax poll shows 22 per cent of the party’s voters believe the project will be good, slightly more than those who take the contrary view at 17 per cent.

The poll also showed just 6 per cent of people aged between 18 and 34 do not think Australia’s largest motorway project will be good for Sydney, while 48 per cent believe it will and almost 46 per cent are undecided.

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A woman is in hospital after being attacked with a machete in Sydney’s south-west. Photo: Supplied Tiperia Afamiliona (left), 45, suffered severed fingers, toes and had her hand degloved when her husband Atinae Afamiliona (not pictured), 49, allegedly struck her with a machete in Raby, near Campbelltown, on Monday. Photo: Supplied

Atinae Afamiliona (right), 49, allegedly struck his wife multiple times with a machete. Photo: Supplied

A man accused of attacking his wife with a machete, severing her fingers and degloving her hand, has cried while facing court charged with attempted murder.

Police say Tiperia Afamiliona, 45, was driving along Raby Road at Raby, in Sydney’s south-west, with husband Atinae Afamiliona, 49, on Monday night when a heated argument began.

The pair got out of the stopped car at St Andrews and continued arguing before Mr Afamiliona allegedly grabbed a machete from under the driver’s seat.

He is accused of striking Mrs Afamiliona several times to the hands and legs, leaving her with severe injuries.

She ended up with her left hand degloved and her little fingers severed.

Two toes on her left foot were also severed and she suffered a large laceration to her right calf and ankle.

Mr Afamiliona then dropped his injured wife off at Campbelltown Hospital’s emergency ward and went home.

Mrs Afamiliona was transferred to Liverpool Hospital, where she remained in a serious but stable condition.

Mr Afamiliona was charged with attempted murder and wound with intent to murder.

He cried in the dock of Campbelltown Local Court on Tuesday morning as he looked across to more than a dozen family members that arrived to support him.

His three children requested that an AVO be amended to allow them to contact their father in jail.

Mr Afamiliona didn’t apply for bail and it was formally refused.

The couple’s teenage daughter sobbed outside court and said she was on her way to visit her mother.

Police scoured the couple’s Campbelltown home after the alleged attack and examined a silver ute splattered with blood.

The car was seized for forensic examination.

If you or someone you know is impacted by sexual assault or domestic or family violence, call 1800RESPECT on 1800 737 732.

In an emergency, call 000.*/]]>

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Chris Hartcher leaves the Independent Commission Against Corruption after giving evidence in 2014 Photo: Daniel MunozFormer NSW Liberal minister Chris Hartcher faces potential larceny charges and former Labor minister Joe Tripodi has been found to have engaged in serious corrupt conduct by the Independent Commission Against Corruption following its investigation into political fundraising.

The ICAC’s Operation Spicer report also says a host of former Liberal MPs including former police minister Mike Gallacher, Mr Hartcher, Tim Owen, Andrew Cornwell, Garry Edwards, Chris Spence as well as former Newcastle Lord Mayor Jeff McCloy “acted with the intention of evading laws” under the Election Funding, Expenditure and Disclosures Act.

As well, ICAC has found that Hunter Valley property developer Hilton Grugeon, Mr Hartcher and his former staff member Tim Koelma are among those who “acted with the intention of evading the election funding laws relating to caps on political donations”.

Former Liberal MPs Craig Baumann and Darren Webber as well as Liberal identity Nick Di Girolamo have been found to have evaded election funding laws relating to disclosure, while another former Liberal MP, Bart Bassett, has been found to have “knowingly solicited a political donation from a property developer”.

The commission recommends that the director of public prosecutions consider bringing charges against Mr Cornwell, his wife Samantha Brookes, Mr Koelma and others for giving false or misleading evidence to its inquiry.

It recommends the DPP consider larceny charges against Mr Hartcher and that charges be considered against Mr Tripodi for the common law offence of misconduct in public office.

The commission found that former Liberal Party official Simon McInnes, party fundraiser Paul Nicolaou and Canberra lawyer Tony Bandle used a Liberal Party-linked entity, the Free Enterprise Foundation, to “channel” illegal political donations to the NSW Liberal party for its 2011 state election campaign.

This was done “so that the identity of the true donors was disguised from the election funding authority”.

The report found that there was insufficient evidence to conclude that other senior Liberal party officials including now Senator Arthur Sinodinos – then chair of the Liberal Party finance committee – knew of the practice.

However, the report found that the Liberal Party received $693,000 in donations in three days from a single donor – the Free Enterprise Foundation – “but no one on the finance committee admitted to knowing anything about it in their evidence”.

In 2009, the year before the ban on donations from property developers came into force, the Free Enterprise Foundation donated only $50,000 to the NSW Liberals.

The matter is the subject of an ongoing dispute between the NSW Liberals and the election funding authority, which is withholding $4 million in public funding until the party discloses the names of donors to the Free Enterprise Foundation.

The commission recommends charges of larceny be brought against Mr Hartcher over three cheques worth $4000 written for the benefit of the NSW Liberal Party.

It found the cheques were instead banked by a law firm and later given to Mr Hartcher.

“These steps are inconsistent with an intention on the part of Mr Hartcher to apply the $4000 for the benefit of the NSW Liberal Party,” the report finds.

The commission found Mr Tripodi, as a Member of Parliament, leaked a confidential Treasury report to advance the interests of former mining magnate Nathan Tinkler’s company Buildev in February 2011.

Buildev was proposing a fifth coal terminal at Mayfield in Newcastle, which was being opposed by Mr Tripodi’s colleague Jodi McKay, who was then the Member for Newcastle.

The report was a review of the proposed uses for Mayfield, which contained adverse comments about the Buildev proposal, which was worth hundreds of millions of dollars.

The commission found that despite his denials to the inquiry, then Labor treasurer Eric Roozendaal “either directly or indirectly … passed the Treasury report to Mr Tripodi”.

However, the commission says it is not satisfied that Mr Roozendaal knew what Mr Tripodi was doing.

The ICAC finds Mr Tripodi engaged in serious corrupt conduct by “betraying his duties and obligations as a member of parliament to favour Buildev for the purpose of achieving a personal advantage”.

“The conduct could constitute or involve a serious criminal offence of misconduct in public office,” its report states.

The commission says Mr Gallacher willingly evaded election funding laws via his involvement in a political fundraiser at Doyle’s restaurant in New Year’s Eve 2010.

It finds Mr Gallacher invited a property developer, Buildev executive David Sharpe, to pay $7000 to attend the event along with other Buildev employees.

“Mr Gallacher knew that they were property developers and he sought the political donation with the intention of evading the election funding laws relating to the ban on property developers making political donations,” it says.

The commission says it “does not consider Mr Gallacher was always a truthful witness and place no reliance on his evidence unless it is corroborated”.

In late 2010, the report says, Mr Gallacher, Mr Hartcher and David Williams of Buildev were involved in donations totalling $53,000, via the Free Enterprise Foundation, earmarked for the seats of Newcastle and Londonderry.

The ICAC finds that as part of this, Mr Bassett solicited an $18,000 donation from Buildev for his successful 2011 election campaign to win the seat of Londonderry.

The ICAC notes that in relation to breaches of election funding laws “at the time of the relevant conduct” in 2010 there was a three-year limit on bringing prosecutions, which is why no prosecutions are being recommended.

“That means any prosecution for any offence arising under the Election Funding Act arising from this investigation is now statute barred”.

The inquiry was sparked by a $5000 donation a Central Coast builder Matthew Lusted believed his company had made to the NSW Liberal party but had in fact been made to a company, Eightbyfive, owned by Mr Koelma.

The Liberal Party reported Mr Lusted’s concerns to the Election Funding Authority, which subsequently alerted ICAC.

The 2014 inquiry into Liberal Party fundraising before the 2011 NSW election saw 10 MPs quit the parliamentary party and move to the crossbench following adverse evidence.

Two of them, Newcastle MP Tim Owen and Charlestown MP Andrew Cornwell, resigned from Parliament.

The revelations prompted an overhaul of NSW political donations laws by Premier Mike Baird.

The new laws beefed up penalties to a maximum 10 years imprisonment and extended the period within which prosecutions can be launch from three to 10 years.

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The Parramatta Eels’time at Pirtek Stadium has ended in a 30-18 win over the St George-Illawarra Dragons.

Rookie fullback Bevan French scored a hat-trick for the Eels to take his season tally to 16 tries in just 12 games.

Along with five-eighth Clint Gutherson, Eels coach Brad Arthur was full of praise for his young charges.

“Him and Clint Gutherson, every time you tell them something, they make sure they go out of their way to try and improve it.”

“While they keep doing that, they’ll have a long time in the game and a long time at this club.”

The Eels were never really troubled by the Dragons, with two late tries to the visitors flattering the scoreline.

Arthur reiterated his pride in the playing group despite disappointment they wouldn’t be playing finals football.

“I know I keep saying it but there hasn’t been a lot to want to play for but they still manage to keep hanging in there and playing for each other,” Arthur said.

“We played some really good footy tonight. We built pressure on the back of our defence and it’s just unfortunate that it has to end like this.”

It was an emotional night for the Eels, honouring the lives of foundation player Mitch Wallace and Eels Hall of Fame member Ken Thornett, both passing away in the past fortnight.

The win was also the club’s swansong at Pirtek Stadium before demolition, mirroring the result of the first match at the ground when the Eels defeated the St George Dragons 36-6 on March 5 1986.

The Eels’final game of the 2016 campaign is Sunday afternoon against the New Zealand Warriors in New Zealand.

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